Andreas Schelfhout

Andreas Schelfhout
16.02.1787 (The Hague) - 19.02.1870 (The Hague)

Nationality: Dutch


Andreas Schelfhout exercised great influence over the art world in the mid-19th century. After his apprenticeship he struck out on his own and his talent was quickly recognized. Gradually he became the most acclaimed landscapist of his days. His works were accepted at many of the Living Artists Exhibitions held throughout the Low Countries in Amsterdam, Groningen, Haarlem, The Hague, Leiden, Rotterdam and Utrecht. His work also attracted attention when he exhibited in Belgium at the Antwerp and Brussels Salons. He was well known in Belgium through frequent correspondence with the secretary of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp. He received a gold medal at the Antwerp Salon of 1819, traveled to Paris in 1830 and was a member of the ‘Pulchri Studio’ in The Hague.

Schelfhout composed his paintings in the studio using preliminary sketches made on his journeys through nature, where he recorded sections of the landscape such as riverbanks, mills, sledges and skaters. He painted summer landscapes, seascapes and beach scenes. But although his body of work included a wide range of motifs, he became best known for his winter scenes. His particular gift for snow and ice scenes embellished with picturesque skaters means that his winter paintings remain his most sought after subjects. With delicately executed winter landscapes he garnered success both at home and abroad. He became known as the "Claude Lorrain of the winter scene."


R. Jellema, 'De Winter van Andreas Schelfhout (1787-1870), IJsgezichtjes uit het album van een hoogbejaard kunstenaar', Teylers Museum Magazijn 14 (winter 1987), p. 1-4;
A. Hoogenboom, 'Over de brief als bron. II. De zeeschilder en de zee', (about A. Schelfhout), Kunstschrift 1992, nr. 3, p. 7-8;
R.J.A. te Rijdt, 'Schelfhouts 'Liber veritatis'', Tableau 17 (1994- 1995), p. 84-91;
R.J.A. te Rijdt, 'Andreas Schelfhout. Winterscenes and beyond', Tableau 18 (1995), p. 97-102;
J. Reynaerts, 'Het karakter onzer Hollandsche school'. De Koninklijke Akademie van Beeldende Kunsten te Amsterdam 1817-1870, Leiden 2001, p. 121, 143, 146, 207;
C. Stolwijk, Uit de schilderswereld. de Nederlandse kunstschilders in de tweede helft van de negentiende eeuw, Leiden 1998, p. 196;
J. Woldring and W. Laanstra, Hollandse Romantiek. Schilders van het dagelijkse leven in de 19e eeuw, Alkmaar 2001, p. 87-93;
R. de Leeuw e.a., Meesters van de Romantiek. Nederlandse kunstenaars 1800-1850, Rotterdam/Zwolle 2005, p. 9;
R. de Leeuw and B. Tempel, Het Romantiek boek, Zwolle 2006, p. 7.


Betoverende landschappen, Hollandse meesters uit de negentiende eeuw, 20 Mar. - 19 Jun. 2011, Museum Jan Cunen, Oss, The Netherlands;
Heerlijke natuurtoneelen. Romantische landschapschilders in Beek en Ubbergen 1810-1860, Museum Het Valkhof, Nijmegen, 2000-2001;
Poëzie der werkelijkheid. Nederlandse schilders van de negentiende eeuw, RijksmuseumAmsterdam, 2000;
Op zoek naar de Gouden Eeuw. Nederlandse schilderkunst 1800-1850, Frans Hals Museum, Haarlem, 1986.


Work by Andreas Schelfhout is to be found in several museum collections, among others: Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Dordrechts Museum, Teylers Museum, Haarlem, Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede, The National Gallery and the Wallace Collection, London, the Louvre in Paris and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

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Figures in a Winter Landscape

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Winter Landscape

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