27.02.1901 (Pistoia, Italy) - 06.08.1980 (Viareggio, Italy)
The Italian painter and sculptor Marino Marini (1901-1980) is known for his equestrian scenes and sculptures, often featuring a man with outstretched arms on a horse. In his work, Marini was inspired by Etruscan art, with its archaic and stylistic forms. Furthermore, he was influenced by the Italian sculptor Arturo Martini (1889-1947), who he succeeded as professor at the Scuola d’Arte di Villa Reale in Monza, in 1929. Marini would retain this position until 1940, when he was offered a professorship at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan.
During his life Marini travelled several times to Paris, where he met the surrealist painter Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978) and artist Massimo Campigli (1895-1971). Also, he lived for a while in Basel, where he became friends with Alberto Giacometti (1901-1966).
In 1944 Marini participated in the Twentieth-Century Italian Art show in the MOMA in New York. During his life, retrospective exhibitions took place in Kunsthaus Zürich and the Palazzo Venezia in Rome (1962 and 1966). Currently his work is to be found in important collections, such as the Peggy Guggenheim and Tate Collection, and the Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden in Washington DC. In 2010, a ‘Cavaliere’ by Marini was auctioned for a record prize of USD 7,2 million.
1944: Twentieth-Century Italian Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York
1950: Buchholz Gallery, New York
1951: Marino Marini, Kestner-Gesellschaft Hannover, Kunstverein Hamburg en Haus der Kunst in München
1955: Marino Marini, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam
1962: Retrospective, Kunsthaus Zürich
1966: Retrospective, Palazzo Venezia, Rome
1963: Toninelli Arte Moderna, Milan
1978: National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo
Work by Marino Marini is represented in the collections of several international museums, to name a few: Marino Marini Museum, Firenze, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Guggenheim Museum and Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), New York, Kunstmuseum Bazel, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne, Tate Gallery, London.