Heinrich Wilhelm Schweickhardt
03.04.1746 (Hamm (Westfalen)) - 08.07.1797 (London)
The German-born Heinrich Wilhelm (or Hendrik Willem) Schweickhardt is known as a printmaker, painter, draftsman, etcher and miniaturist. On April 3rd, 1746, he was born in Hamm in North Rhine-Westphalia. Archive documents reveal that he was living in The Hague by June 1774, where he was the pupil of Hieronymus Lapis (active 1758-1788). Later, he would become a teacher himself and guide Pieter Gaal, Andrea Scacciati and his daughter Katharina Wilhelmina Schweickhardt (later 'Bilderdijk'). Schweickhardt remained active in The Hague until he settled in England in 1787, where he would exhibit at the Royal Academy and the Society of Artists.
Schweickhardt painted mainly landscapes with cattle and ice scenes, but was skilled in other types of scenes as well: portraits, interiors and allegories. Often the influence of Dutch 17th-century artists like Albert Cuyp is visible in his work. For panel decorations and scenes with putti he took his inspiration from the French Rococo painters François Boucher and Jean-Honoré Fragonard. Schweickhardt passed away in London on July 8th, 1797. Today, his work is to be found in the collections of several important international museums and in many private collections.
E.J. Sluijter, 'Hendrik Willem Schweickhardt (1746-1797); een Haags schilder in de tweede helft van de achttiende eeuw', Oud Holland 89 (1975), p. 142-208.
Work by Hendrik Willem Schweickhardt is to be found in several museum collections:
National Gallery and The Courtauld Institute of Art, London
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana