Floris Arntzenius

Floris Arntzenius
09.06.1864 (Soerabaja, Dutch East Indies) - 16.02.1925 (The Hague, The Netherlands)

Nationality: Dutch



biography

Arntzenius was born in 1864 in Soerabaja, Dutch East Indies, and was part of the younger generation of artists of the Hague School. In 1875 he came to Amsterdam to further his education, while living with relatives. After succesfully finishing his secundary education, he became a student at the National Academy of Arts in Amsterdam. Among his fellow students were renowned future artists like Breitner and Isaac Israels.

After Arntzenius finished his studies, he worked out of his studio on the Sarphatistraat in Amsterdam until 1889, when the death of his father brought him back to The Hague to live with his mother. Arntzenius felt immediately at home in the stately The Hague and in 1892 he became a member of the well-respected Pulchri Studio. 

Arntzenius is seen as the master of the Hague townscapes and seen as counterpart to the Great Amsterdam Impressionists Breitner and Israels. Since Arntzenius did not have a license to paint on the street, he would hire a so-called 'venster' (a 'window'). This would give him the possibility to quickly capture the essence or spirit of the moment in small sketches, once returned to his studio this sketch would then be incorporated into a painting. Arntzenius had a love for the intimate city scenes and the hustle and bustle of people and carriages in the streets. He was very aware of trying to create the perfect atmosphere. Misty weather that makes figures fade away, streets on rainy days and horse drawn carriages are typically seen in his work. Although Arntzenius is most wellknown for his city and townscenes, he also painted  stillives and portraits.

In 1910 Arntzenius opened a workshop, which meant a short sabbatical from painting, focusing on teaching instead. It was not until 1917 that he really devoted himself to painting townscapes again. His style however had changed, and the details and figures in the paintings were now painted in a loose, impressionistic way, creating a more dreamy atmosphere.


literature

P.A. Haaxman jr.,'Floris Arntzenius', Elseviers Geïllustreerd Maandschrift dl.13 (1903), p.159-168; Anoniem [J. Bories?], 'De schilder van de maand. Den Haag geschilderd door Flor Arntzenius', Kunst en kunstleven. Holland Geïllustreerd Maandschrift 3 (1915) 1, p. 17-22; G.H. Marius, De Hollandsche schilderkunst in de negentiende eeuw,'s-Gravenhage 1920, p. 204; N.H. Wolf, 'Werk van Floris Arntzenius; Kunstzaal van Wisselingh, Amsterdam', De Kunst 32 (1940), p. 121-123; A. Wagner, 'Floris Arntzenius 1864-1925', Antiek 3 (1968), p. 258-271; J. de Gruyter, De Haagse School, deel 2, Rotterdam 1969, p. 92; Chr. Wright, Paintings in Dutch Museums, London 1980, p. 11; R. de Leeuw, J. Sillevis, Ch. Dumas, cat.tent. De Haagse School - Hollandse Meesters van de 19de eeuw, Parijs (Grand Palais), Londen (Royal Academy), Den Haag (Haags Gemeentemuseum) 1983, p. 90, 106; R. Guldenmund, 'Floris Arntzenius. Het kunsthandelboek en de kunstgeschiedenis' [boekbespreking], Jong Holland 9 (1993), p. 61-62; J. Sillevis, R. Dorn, H. Kraan, cat.tent. De Haagse School - de collectie van het Haags Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag (Haags Gemeentemuseum) 1988, p. 98-101; A. Wagner, cat. tent. Floris Arntzenius 1864-1925. Het Haagse leven van gisteren, Den Haag (Haags Gemeentemuseum) en Laren (Singer Museum ) 1969; D. Welling, Floris Arntzenius, Den Haag 1992; D.Welling, 'Floris Arntzenius schilderde in stemming met de omgeving', Kunstbeeld 16 (1992), p. 40-43; F. Everts, 'Floris Arntzenius herontdekt', Tableau 15 (1992), p. 94-95; S. de Bodt, M.de Haan en W.Pijbes, Bloemstillevens uit Nederland en België, Rotterdam/Zwolle 1998, p. 62, 139; A.B.G.M. van Kalmthout, Muzentempels. Multidisciplinaire kunstkringen in Nederland tussen 1880 en 1914, Hilversum 1998, p. 292, 580; C. Stolwijk, Uit de schilderswereld. Nederlandse kunstschilders in de tweede helft van de negentiende eeuw, Leiden 1998, p. 169, 351; J.C.A. van der Lubbe, François Pieter ter Meulen en de Haagse School, Bodegraven/Nieuwkoop 1999, p. 43, 45, 94, 122; A. Philipse-Paalman, J.Sillevis en A.Helb,Eeuwwisseling. Caldic Collectie, Rotterdam 2000, p. 80-83; Tent. Floris Arntzenius. Uit de nalatenschap van de schilder, Amsterdam (Sotheby's) okt. 2003 [folder]; J. Versteegh, 'Een generatieconflict in woord en beeld', Elsevier's Geïllustreerd Maandschrift 1891-1900', Kunstlicht 24 (2003), p. 31; J. Reynaerts, M. Peters, P. Maters e.a., Willem Witsen 1860-1923: schilderijen, tekeningen, prenten, foto's, Bussum 2003, p. 149 [betr. familie Arntzenius]; J. Versteegh, 'Verandering tot die richting beteekent voor mij: zelfmoord'. De kentering in de eerste tien jaren van Elsevier's Geïllustreerd Maandschrift', De Boekenwereld 20 (2003-2004), p. 150; B. Monsavi, 'Koetsiers op het Lange Voorhout'. Pieter Florentius Jacobus ('Floris') Arntzenius (1864-1925)', Bulletin Vereniging Rembrandt 14 (2004), p. 18-19; M. Jonkman, J. de Raad, Mondriaan Breitner Sluyters e.a. De onstuitbare verzamelaar J.F.S. Esser, Zwolle 2005, p. 33, 109; M. Jonkman, E. Geudeker, Mythen van het atelier. Werkplaats en schilderpraktijk van de negentiende-eeuwse Nederlandse kunstenaar, Zwolle 2010, p. 20.


Exhibitions

De Haagse School; Hollandse Meesters van de 19de eeuw, Parijs (Grand Palais), Londen (Royal Academy), Den Haag (Haags Gemeentemuseum) 1983;
De Haagse School; de collectie van het Haags Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag (Haags Gemeentemuseum) 1988;


collections

Work by Floris Arntzenius is represented in the collections of diverse Dutch museums, among others the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam and the Hague Gemeentemuseum, The Netherlands.

more about Floris Arntzenius

Artist's locations

view work by Floris Arntzenius

The 'Noordeinde' in The Hague

The Lange Poten, seen from the Spui in The Hague

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