Jean Francois Raffaelli
20.04.1850 (Paris, France) - 11.02.1924 (Paris, France)
Jean François Raffaëlli was born on April 20th, 1850 in Paris and showed an interest in theatre and music. Initially an actor, he played in the Théâtre Lyrique in Paris, but decided to become a painter in 1870. This proved a successful move, since one of his landscape paintings was accepted at the Salon that same year. Nowadays, Raffaëlli is mostly known as a French realist painter, sculptor, and printmaker who exhibited with the Impressionists. In the beginning he did not received any official training, so in October 1871 he started studying under the French academic painter Jean-Léon Gérôme, and later he enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Raffaëlli’s early work shows mostly costume pictures, but later his focus shifted to depicting people of his time from the suburbs of Paris. He painted peasants and workers, but created scenes of the "haute bourgeoisie" as well. Furthermore Raffaëlli painted landscapes, portraits, (flower) still lifes and oriental scenes. He exposed his work together with that of the Impressionists in 1890 and 1891 and received numerous medals and prizes during his life. Raffaëlli died in Paris on February 11th, 1924, at the age of 73.