03.06.1877 (Le Havre, France) - 23.03.1953 (Forcalquier, France)
Raoul Dufy was born on June 3rd, 1877 in the French harbor town of Le Havre. Born in a family with 9 children, Dufy was forced to quit school at the age of 14 to work as a bookkeeper at a coffee-importing company. In 1895 he started taking art classes at night school at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Le Havre. His teacher was Charles Lhullier.
The early work of Dufy is strongly impressionistic, yet under the influence of Matisse, his work from 1905 to 1909 showed a strong Fauvist influence. His style changed again when he was exposed to Paul Cezanne. After 1920, Dufy developed his own personal style for which he became so renowned.
His style is calligraphic and vibrant. Subjects that he favored included regattas, casinos, racetracks and orchestras. Dufy was also successful as an illustrator and designer. Raoul Dufy died on March 23rd, 1953 and was buried at the same cemetery as Matisse, at the convent of Chimez in Nice.
N. d'Huart and B. Fornari, Musée communal d'Ixelles, Brussel 1994, p. 60-61;
H. Bavelaar, Kroniek van kunst en kultuur, Leiden 1998.
Paintings and Drawings by Raoul Dufy, London (Tate Britain), 9 Jan. - 7 Feb. 1954
Work by Raoul Dufy is represented in the collections of numerous important museums, including the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York, the Royal Collection and Courtauld Institute in London, Musée d'Orsay in Paris and the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.