Herman Frederik Carel ten Kate
16.02.1822 (The Hague, The Netherlands) - 26.03.1891 (The Hague, The Netherlands)
Herman Frederik Carel ten Kate was born in The Hague on February 16, 1822. He had two brothers; one was to become a painter as well, the other one became a poet and preacher. Ten Kate grew up, lived and worked in The Hague until 1867 and then moved to Amsterdam in 1868. During his life he travelled to many countries such as Belgium, Germany and Italy. He also visited France in 1840 and 1841, to study after the great masters. Ten Kate attended the Royal Academy of The Hague, where he was a student of the famous portrait and history painter Cornelis Kruseman (1797-1857). In 1847 he became a member of the Royal Academy in Amsterdam. From 1856 onwards Ten Kate was a member of the Rotterdam Academy as well and for many years he was chairman of ‘Arti et Amicitiae’ (Painters Guild) in Amsterdam. The influence of the Frans Hals School is clear in his work. He was obviously influenced by artists such as Frans Hals (1583-1666), Pieter Codde (1599-1678), and Jacob Duck (1598-1667). It was however Adriaan van Ostade (1610-1685), who also worked with Frans Hals, who appears to have had the greatest impact on the work of Ten Kate. He was a storyteller as was Ten Kate and they both used rich colours and good composition to depict the scenes they were painting. Equally important, as far as subject matter is concerned, was the influence of Ernest Meissonier (1815-1891), who was painting a similar type of subject at that time in France and was also influenced by the Old Masters of the Golden Age. During his life Ten Kate was an extremely successful and popular artist. In 1872, when he was 50 years old, his design of the portrait of the Dutch King William III was even used on a stamp. However, he was best known for his paintings of Cavaliers and military figures in all types of situations. The high quality of his work and the life he portrayed made his paintings widely sought after. Ten Kate died on the 26th of March 1891 in The Hague, at the age of 69.